The Four Seasons -
Spring Summer Fall Winter
This lesson if for a preschool or kindergarten class studying the four seasons
(fall, winter, spring, summer) using language arts or as an integrated unit.
From this lesson, students will learn about the weather associated with each of
the seasons, activities that occur in each of the seasons, and which months fall
under each season. You can extend this lesson by doing activities that you have
discussed for the season you are currently in. The song will help students
reinforce what they have learned about the seasons.|
Lesson: The four seasons
Background: This lesson is designed for a Preschool/Kindergarten class studying
the four seasons in Language Arts or as part of an integrated unit.
(1)Students will be able to distinguish which characteristics of the weather are
associated with each season
(2)Students will be able to determine which season certain activities are
(3) Students will be able to determine which months fall under each
colorful cards labeled with the name of each season
pictures of snow, snowmen, heavy coats, ice skates, a flower pot, bathing suits,
Halloween, trees with different color leaves, a copy of the song
"What Shall We Do? (Palmer, 1988)
additional pieces of large paper heavy marker.
(1)Begin by finding out what your students already know about the four seasons.
(Do they know bow many seasons there are, what the names of the seasons are,
about when they fall, what is characteristic of each?) Depending on the depth of
responses you receive, restate accurate information, or present it to the class.
(2)Discuss what season each month falls in, how the temperature/weather changes,
and what activities tend to take place during the season. If at all possible try
to elicit this information from the children rather than giving it all to them
(what did you do over the summer, before school started? When it snowed last
(3)Have students move prepared pictures to corresponding area on season bulletin
board to demonstrate understanding.
(4)Once this has been covered, ask students to play a game with you. You will
think of a season and the children will ask you questions to try to find out
what season it is. Once the students seem to understand the game, allow them to
think of a season while the rest of the class guesses.
(5)Introduce the song, "What Shall We Do"(Palmer, 1988), to the class, pointing
to the words as you sing them. Invite the class to join you as you sing the song
2 more times or until students are familiar with it.
(6)Then ask students to volunteer what they like to do that they really only do
during certain seasons (ice skate). Together with the class write at least one
new verse for each season. Example: We will skate our figure-eights/ figure
eights, figure eights/ we will skate our figure eights/ When we all go out to
The first assessment you will do is when you elicit their prior understanding of
the seasons and seasonal activates. Clearly the less they know, the more time
you will want to spend on this (perhaps creating a bulletin board with the
class1 suggestions), and the more they know the less time you will need to spend
as a large group. As students work in their small group you can assess the
person picking the season (is he/she answering the questions correctly) and the
children trying to guess what season it is.
Rationale for including music: The use of the song in this lesson helps to
reinforce the lesson in a fun, creative way. The song allows for endless verses
and is "catchy" enough that children are likely to sing it at home, making up
new verses with their families The song and the lesson can also be reinforced by
singing it again when the season changes, changing the verses to meet the new
1. What Shall we do when we all go out
All go out, all go out
What shall we do when we all go out
When we all go out to play
2. We will jump like jumping jacks
Jumping jacks, Jumping jacks
We will jump like jumping jacks
When we all go out to play
!M. Palmer, MX. Reilly, and C.R. Scott (1988). World of Music (pi 7) Monistown,
Burdett & Ginn.
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