Literal Meaning of
In this lesson, students will demonstrate comprehension of literal meaning
through reading, viewing, and listening to nonfiction and fiction selecting,
pronouncing new words using phonics skills, and demonstrating appropriate
techniques for learning new vocabulary. Students will recognize the difference
between an uppercase and lower case letter, learn the letters sound, and be
to write the letter in both lower and upper case. This lesson is also a great
for young children to practice their handwriting. This lesson includes the use
quality literature and appropriate learning materials for kindergartners.|
Grade Level: Kindergarten
Concepts to be taught: literal meaning of reading
1. Students will recognize the difference between the upper case letter "M" and
lower case letter "m".
2. Students will learn the letter-sound recognition for the letter "M".
3. Students will be able to write the letter "M" in both upper and lower case.
1. The book If You Give A Mouse A Muffin
2. A transparency of the alphabet
3. Printed out handwriting paper
4. Crayons or markers
5. Construction Paper
1. Review (find out the student's prior knowledge of the ABC's and in
particular the letter "M".
Ask the children to sing the ABC's for
Use the alphabet board that lines the
top of the chalkboard to introduce the
Ask the students if they know any words
or any names that start with the letter
Have the children practice the sound of
the letter after you introduce it. Tell
them a silly tongue twister that has all
of the beginning words starting with
2. Teach the children how to write the letter "M" by showing them the correct
to write the letter on the board. Have lines already drawn nice and big so the
class can see them.
First do the upper case letter and tell them a little riddle that goes
along with making the letter. Example: Two tall trees with a v in
the middle (the class has already learned the letter V.
Hand out paper that has writing lines on it and have the students
write the letter.
Continue this same procedure for the
lower case letter m.
On the overhead place the Alphabet Tree overlay and have either the
lower case m or the upper case M in each square.
Point to each of the squares and have the children say the sound it
makes and tell you whether it is a lower case letter or an upper case.
Randomly ask to make a lower case "m" in the tree.
Eventually go on to the upper case "M".
3. Have the students put away their handwriting work and gather into the story
area of the room. Before introducing the book get a little bit of background
by having the children make the sound of the first letter that is in there name
that the lesson is taught at the end of the year, and you have already learned
most of the
On the board behind you write the letter your name starts with and
say they sound it makes.
4. Introduce the book "If you give a Mouse a Muffin" by Laura Numeroff to the
Point out hat the mouse and the muffin start out with the same letter.
Discuss the other book, which is called If You Give A Pig a Pancake
to the class. Encourage them to identify what is similar about the
5. Read the story out loud to the class.
Ask the children questions about the
book. Go around to a few of the children
and ask them what other foods besides
muffin start with the letter m.
Tell the students that they need to let
the mouse eat something else. Help the
students understand the concept of having the mouse eat
something that starts with the letter m. Tell the students that they
are going to design there own book covers and there very own
Offer some help when thinking of foods
that start with the letter "M".
Invite the students to come up with
their own creative titles that include a
mouse and a food that starts with the
If teaching this lesson when close to
the end of the letter chain have the
students make up a title that belongs
with the letter of their first name. EX.
If You Give a Taco to Tracy.
Put Laura Numeroff s book in the front
of the classroom
on display for motivation for the
6. Let each child choose what color of
construction paper that they
would like to use for their book covers.
7. Help the students print their stories onto the
book covers. Tell the students that they are the
authors and they have to illustrate the covers.
Let them look at examples and have them write
their names on it.
8. Using crayons and markers let the students
illustrate their covers. Encourage them to use the
animal and food they chose on their covers.
Display the art in alphabetical order and have a title on the bulletin
board that reads,"If you Give..."
When concentrating on the whole alphabet you could fill in the blanks
of the alphabet tree with all different letters and have the children name
them when you point to them. You could also leave out letters after
putting them in ABC form and them have the students come up and fillin the missing letters.
Evaluate the students on their handwriting skills and by walking around
to them when they are practicing the skills.
Have an overhead transparency that has sentences like the following.
Have the children underline the words that start with the letter "M
1. The man ate a mustard hotdog and drank nine glasses of milk.
2. Matt told his mother that he made a mask for Halloween.
3. Monkeys live at the Minnesota Zoo.
4. At the mall people meet friends.
The students would also underline the capital M's
and circle the lower case m's.
Also have the children read the other students
book covers and have them tell a short story
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