Grade Level: PreK-K|
Prior Knowledge: The Alphabet
ABCD Method of Conflict Resolution
Instructional Objectives: to recognize the ABCD model of conflict
resolution and use it to solve conflicts in simulated circumstances. (Over the
course of a year, students will apply this in everyday conflicts, first with an
adult's guidance, and eventually without adult intervention. The overarching
goal is for students to demonstrate methods of peacefully solving conflicts
Oh, Bother! Someone's Fighting! by Nikki Grimes; illus. Darrell Baker. New York:
Poster of ABCD problem solving song by Heather Hanson
Tape or another way to post it for all to see
Small toy in a paper bag
Tell the children: "This is something that can happen to everyone. And when it
it makes us feel sad. .Often, we don't know what to do. Today we are going to
learn about what to
do if we get into a fight. To help us remember what we learn, we'll have a
story, a song, and
even a little play. The letters of the alphabet will help us remember, too."
• "Let's begin with the story." Read Oh, Bother! Someone's Fighting! up to the
before Pooh comes in. (The pages are not numbered.) The cue is Eeyore saying: "I
knew how to make everyone happy." Tell children, "I have some ideas for Eeyore."
• Display the poster. Give a vocal introduction, then sing through the whole
song, explaining it
line-by-line. Then return to each step of the method, relating it to the story.
"The first thing to do is to ask, 'What's the problem?' What is the problem in
[Students offer answers.] Right; the problem is that Rabbit and Tigger are
fighting about what
Eeyore should do." Continue through the song this way.
• Finish reading the book. Compare the student's opinions of what should be done
actually happens in the book. There's a good chance it will not; use this to
there are many ways to solve a problem, not just one.
• Tell children, "Let's sing this song again, to help us remember it." Make sure
to ask children,
"What might happen if we spread our arms on 'Hooray,1 and we're really close to
Have children offer the solution of spreading out so they don't "conk" each
other, as one
preschooler/kindergartner said! Sing through the song a few more times, adding
and other "frills."
• Choose two students to come to the front for a short "play." Have both put
their hands on the
toy. Ask, "What's the problem?" Guide students to say, "They both want the toy."
• Continue the review by saying, "The next step is to think, 'What should we
should [Bobby] and [Susan] do to solve their problem?" Continue through the
steps of the
ABCD method. The poster should be easily visible for student reference. When the
have worked out an acceptable solution for the toy dilemma, thank the actors and
they can sit down. Be sure to put the toy out of eyesight (in a paper bag) to
• This also serves as an evaluation; students should be telling the teacher what
to do. The
teacher should just guide the conversation with questions. If group response is
remove the poster and ask students to produce the steps of the method from
teacher will want to write the letters "A B C D" on the chalkboard to aid them.
• Tell students that the poster will be hung in the classroom. Just as they
problem and the students' toy problem using this problem-solver, they can use it
have a problem. Offer, "Anytime you have a problem and you need help working it
can come to me, and I will help you make it better. I'll show you how to use the
problem solving song."
Teach the children the echo parts of the ABCD problem solving song.
You gotta ask (clap)
You gotta think (clap)
You gotta choose (clap)
Have students echo and then sing together.
Lesson Plans To
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