In the following lesson, students will learn what contractions are and some
basic rules used in contractions, Students will understand that when doing
contractions, you donít change the ďfirst wordĒ and will learn the you do change
the ďsecond wordĒ.|
Grade Level: 2nd Grade
Concept to be taught: What contractions are and some basic rules
Objectives: 1) Students will learn what contractions are
2) Students will understand that when "doing contractions," you don't change the
3) Students will learn that it's the "second word" that is changed.
A copy of the song, "The Contraction Song" (Wilson, 1988) on A large poster (or
overhead) Paper and markers (Copies of the song on paper)
1) Begin by asking students what they know about contractions. Depending on
studentís prior knowledge about contractions, the teacher will then know how
much to "review" or "explain" about some contractions.
2) Explain why we use contractions. Tell the students that they are a "shorter
form of 2 words" and they are especially helpful when speaking and are also
helpful in writing.
3) "Explain the rules" of contractions by the words of the song: a) "I'm the
first word; don't change Me." b) "When you change the second word, a shorter
word you'll see.
c) "Certain letters are taken out.... one word will remain."
d) Explain what an "Apostrophe" is and let students know that it's the
apostrophe which will "fill the space" (when a letter is taken out).
4) For those students who have never seen a contraction, provide some examples
on the chalkboard to give all of them the confidence that they can write them.
5) Explain that you have a "neat song" which is FUN and explains the "rules of
6) Introduce the song, explaining that the tune is sung to a song that they
already know ("Mary had a little lamb") and after singing the first verse once,
invite the students to sing along!
7) Ask questions like, "Does the first word ever change?" No!
8) Then sing the rest of the song several times emphasizing to the students to
listen for "the rules."
Now have the students write at least 6 contractions to be displayed in the
classroom (if they "haven't" done so already).
The students will by now have easily ^earned the basics about contractions and
have the confidence to write them by learning this simple song!
Note: After hanging their papers on contractions in the room for a week or two,
take them down to show their families that they "understand all about
contractions." Also, it is at this time that the teacher gives each student a
copy of "The Contraction Song" to take home so that the students can "show-off"
or teach the song to their families.
Rationale for including music:
Besides the obvious (teaching the rules of contractions), this song will help
students easily remember how to do contractions,
Of all that learning can be fun!
B. Wilson (1988). Phonics Fun Grade 2 (p 118) Greenboro, North Carolina: Carson^Dellosa
Publishing Company, Inc.
The Contraction Song (Tune: Mary had a little lamb)
1. Iím the first word, donít change me!
Donít change me, donít change me.
Iím the first word, donít change me!
Please just let me be
2. When you change the second word, Second word, second word, When you change
the second word, A shorter word you'll see.
3. Certain letters are taken out, Taken out, taken out. Certain letters are
taken out. One word will remain.
4. Apostrophe will fill that space, Fill that space, fill that space. Apostrophe
will fill that space, The rest will stay the same.
5. Can't and couldn't, isn't, too. Isn't too, isn't, too, Won't and I've and
let's, it's true, Contractions every one.
6. I'm and she's and you're and he'd, You're and he'd, you're and he'd,
Wouldn't, didn't, we'll and she'd, Good! And now we're done!
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